Please contact us if you would like to assist in its development.
|Part of Speech||Verb|
|Related Words||חָתָן, חֹתֵן|
1. Contracting of a marital relationship
The verb hitchaten (התחתן, the hitpael of חתן) denotes the contracting of a marital relationship. In Tanakh, the woman is not מתחתנת1 but rather the parties who are mitchaten (מתחתן) are either:
- The חֹתֵן (father of the bride) and the חָתָן (son-in-law) – see Bereshit 34:9, Shemuel I 18:22-27, Melakhim I 3:1; or
- The חֹתֵן (father of the bride) and the father of the groom – see Devarim 7:3, Divrei HaYamim II 18:1.
- Biblical verses –
- Additional data –
Relationship to Synonyms
In Tanakh, in contrast to Modern Hebrew, hitchaten (התחתן) is not used to describe the forming of the marital relationship between the bride and groom (but rather נשא or לקח are used), as it was the father of the bride and not the bride herself who was the active party in the marital contract. This has ramifications for the Biblical meanings of חָתָן, חֹתֵן, and חוֹתֶנֶת.