A Kamikaze Mission?
Shofetim 3 describes the Moabite subjugation of Israel and their infiltration into Yericho. Ehud ben Gera embarks on a daring mission to assassinate the king, Eglon, and then rallies the nation to rebellion. The entire plan seems like a kamikaze mission, doomed to end in Ehud's death. How, then, did Ehud manage to kill the king and escape undetected? Did the guards not check him for a weapon before he entered the palace? Moreover, how was he able to return from the Moabite palace and arrange an entire rebellion without the Moabites' knowledge? Should not word of the murder have made its way to Yericho and foiled his plans before he had time to do so?
A Plethora of Details
The assassination of Eglon is one of the more colorful episodes in Tanakh, replete with details of every aspect of the murder, including descriptions of the rotund Eglon, left-handed Ehud, his double-edged sword, and a graphic portrayal of the actual stabbing. What is the import of all these details?1 Though some facts might help explain Ehud's success,2 others seem totally superfluous.3 Why does Tanakh not simply suffice with mere mention of the successful killing?
Additional QuestionsOther aspects of the murder raise questions as well:
- Site of the murder – Where was Eglon's palace located, in the conquered Yericho or in Moav proper? How long would it have taken Ehud to return from there to Mt. Ephraim and gather his troops?
- "וְהוּא שָׁב מִן הַפְּסִילִים" – What are "הַפְּסִילִים"? Is this the name of a site or an object? Why was it specifically here that Ehud departed company from his men to return to Eglon?
- "וְהוּא יֹשֵׁב בַּעֲלִיַּת הַמְּקֵרָה" – What type of room is this? Does the location play any role in the success of Ehud's mission?
- "דְּבַר אֱלֹהִים לִי אֵלֶיךָ" – Why does Ehud tell this to the king? Did he intend for him to rise in a sign of respect? If so, for what purpose?
- "וַיֵּצֵא הַפַּרְשְׁדֹנָה" – What does the word "פַּרְשְׁדֹנָה" mean? Who (or what) is the subject of the verb "וַיֵּצֵא"; did someone leave to the "פרשדון" or did the "פַּרְשְׁדֹנָה" exit something else?
- Acting alone? Was Ehud acting alone or was his plan part of a larger national rebellion? How much of it was planned in advance and how much was spur of the moment?